Emile Zola (1840-1902): The writer, one of the most important representatives of the naturalism movement, gained the necessary life experience for his novels in his youthful years, which passed in difficulties.
His first short story book, Stories for the Ninon, was published in 1864. In 1865, Claude’s Confessions was published, which bears traces of his own life. Zola argued that the novelist should not be content with recording events as a spectator, but should process emotional and social facts like a chemist while putting people and their passions through a series of experiments.
He wrote all his novels with the same view, beginning with Thérèse Raquin, published in 1867.
Tavern (1877), Nana (1880), Joy of Living (1884), Germinal (1885) and Toprak (1887) are among his best-known novels.
In The Joy of Living, Zola masterfully narrates the story of self-sacrificing Pauline, who never loses her joy of life and extraordinary purity despite the difficulties she faced and the pain she suffered.
Zola argued that the novelist should not be content with recording the events as a spectator, but should also deal with emotional and social events like a chemist, while subjecting people and their passions to a series of experiments.
Zola studied the ruins of the old world in which he lived, tried to establish the facts of a future world. With this intention, he produced many great works, especially the Rougon-Macquarts series, which consists of twenty novels that he wrote in twenty-two years.