Montesquieu

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Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu  (1689-1755): He is one of the most important thinkers of the Enlightenment period. Born in La Brède, he studied law. He was a member of the Bordeaux parliament, served as a judge. He was elected to the Bordeaux Academy and published articles. 

He gained fame with the Persian Letters, devoting his life to his theoretical and literary works. In 1748 he published On the Spirit of the Laws, the work of twenty years. Upon criticism, he wrote a defense of the book in 1750, but the Catholic Church banned the book in 1751.