Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (1821-1881): His first novel, The Humanlets, was published in 1846. The famous critic V. Byelinski spoke of Dostoevsky as the great writer of the future on this work. However, although his stories and novels, which were published later, are among the classics of literature in our age, they did not attract much attention at that time. The writer was arrested in 1849 on the grounds that he was a member of the Petrashevsky group that opposed the oppressive regime of Nicholas I. When he was about to be shot, his sentence was commuted to exile and compulsory military service. Dostoevsky, in The Demons, displayed the structure of the revolutionary organizations and the character of their members with a realistic eye and a sarcastic expression.
Fyodor Mihayloviç Dostoyevski (1821-1881): İlk romanı İnsancıklar 1846’da yayımlandı. Ünlü eleştirmen V. Byelinski bu eser üzerine Dostoyevski’den geleceğin büyük yazarı olarak söz etti. Ancak daha sonra yayımlanan öykü ve romanları, çağımızda edebiyat klasikleri arasında yer alsa da, o dönemde fazla ilgi görmedi. Yazar 1849’da I. Nikola’nın baskıcı rejimine muhalif Petraşevski grubunun üyesi olduğu gerekçesiyle tutuklandı. Kurşuna dizilmek üzereyken cezası sürgün ve zorunlu askerliğe çevrildi. Dostoyevski Ecinniler’de ihtilâlci örgütlerin yapısı ve üyelerinin karakterini gerçekçi bir gözle ve alaycı bir ifadeyle sergilemiştir.
Mazlum Beyhan (1948): Crime and Punishment and Fool by Dostoyevsky, What is Art by Tolstoy?, Childhood, Adolescence, Youth, Memoirs of a Madman by Gogol, Nose and Overcoat are among the masterpieces translated by Mazlum Beyhan. In addition, he is undoubtedly one of the most important translators of Russian Literature of the last 35 years, with the works he brought into Turkish from Chernyshevsky, Byelinski, Kropotkin and Shchedrin.
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