“The Hunchback of Notre Dame”
He was closely interested in social problems and politics, joined the Constituent Assembly after the 1848 uprisings, later served as a member of parliament, and published a newspaper called l’Evénement. He was exiled in 1852 for opposing the coup d’etat in which Louis Bonaparte proclaimed himself emperor. His sentence ended in 1859, but remained in voluntary exile until the empire collapsed, returning to France in 1870.
Although he did not support the Paris Commune in 1871, he defended the commune. His novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame, published in 1831, is among the masterpieces of classical literature.