However, although his stories and novels, which were published later, are among the classics of literature in our age, they did not attract much attention at that time. The writer was arrested in 1849 on the grounds that he was a member of the Petrashevsky group that opposed the oppressive regime of Nicholas I.
When he was about to be shot, his sentence was commuted to exile and compulsory military service. After completing his sentence and returning from Siberia, he started publishing the magazine Vremya in Petersburg, regaining his former reputation with the novels he wrote. Published between 1847-1848, The Landlady, Mr. Proharçin, Nine Letters Novel and Polzunkov were among his most beautiful stories.